Vision and Art

I am developing a tutorial at this site to demonstrate how visual information is used in art. Some of the factors that I hope to illustrate are aspects of depth perception, color perception, and form perception. The inline image above is a detail the moebius constructed with birds by M.C. Escher. This image nicely illustrates how an artist can play with figure-ground relationships.

You begin the tutorials by clicking on the arrow below. It will take you to the first topic in the tutorial. After this first page, there is a return arrow that will allow you to move backwards in the tutorial. Following these arrows will allow you to move through the tutorial as you wish. Enjoy. Please email any comments to John H. Krantz, Ph.D. at

s&p_smal.gif (1242 bytes)Tutorial Home

Page Index:

Click on image to directly access that topic.


I would like to thank Nicolas Pioch for his excellent work on Le WEBLouvre where many of these images have been maintained. In addition to providing an excellent collection of art images that I have used extensively, he has been very helpful in tracking down specific pieces and genres to help illustrate certain points that I have discussed in these pages. I also wish to thank Efthimios Mavrogeorgiadis and Dave Vezie for their development of the Orthodox page with its collection of icons that I used for the section on how icons represent depth. Lastly, but in no way the least, I wish to acknowledge Margaret Krantz for her invaluable help as proofreader, editor, and critic of the efforts here.

Click here to see a list of suggested readings and sites on related topics.

Chosen to be a part of the Texas Cultural and Arts Network (TCAnet).

October, 1997

Approved by Schoolzone's team of independent education reviewers

The text and original graphics of this tutorial are copyrighted 1994 by John H. Krantz, all rights reserved. It was last updated on July 26, 2010 .