Evolution, The Mind-Body Problem, and Localization of Function
What is Neuropsychology?
The study of brain-behavior relationships
A bit of a Historical Introduction
The Mind Body Problem
What is it?
What are the different types of positions?
Emergent Property Monism
Descartes and Dualism
Hydraulic Model of the Mind
Contrast with La Mettrie
The Strange Case of Phineas Gage
Gall and Spurzheim and
MORAL: Smart people do dumb things when
we go beyond data
Gall was skilled neuroanatomist
Moral and intellectual functions are
Their exercise or manifestation depends
upon the organization of the brain
The brain is the organ of all of our
propensities, sentiments and faculties, i. e., tendencies,
feelings and abilities
The brain is composed as many
particular organs as these propensities, sentiments, and
faculties, which differ essentially from each other
As the organs and their localities can
be determined by observation only, it is also
necessary that the form of the head or cranium should
represent, in most cases, the form of the brain, and should
suggest various means to ascertain the fundamental qualities
and faculties, and the seat of her organs.
Hidden and variable assumptions
The size of the organ determines the
ability or strength of that organ, e.g. a bigger calculation
organ the better at calculation
Variable (depends on the phrenologist):
The abilities of these organs can change with exercise.
of the Theory
did he go so far a field?
do these lessons apply to science today and us in this class?