Class 2: Evolution, The Mind-Body Problem,
and Localization of Function
A bit of a Historical Introduction
Importance of his theory to this class
The Mind Body Problem
What is it?
What are the different types of positions?
Descartes and Dualism
Hydraulic Model of the
Contrast with La Mettrie
The Strange Case of
Spurzheim and Phrenology (Monism)
Smart people do dumb things when we go beyond data
and intellectual functions are innate
exercise or manifestation depends upon the organization of the brain
brain is the organ of all of our propensities, sentiments and faculties, i.
e., tendencies, feelings and abilities
brain is composed as many particular organs as these propensities,
sentiments, and faculties, which differ essentially from each other
the organs and their localities can be determined by observation
only, it is also necessary that the form of the head or cranium should
represent, in most cases, the form of the brain, and should suggest
various means to ascertain the fundamental qualities and faculties, and
the seat of her organs.
Hidden and variable assumptions
size of the organ determines the ability or strength of that organ, e.g. a
bigger calculation organ the better at calculation
Variable (depends on the phrenologist):
The abilities of these organs can change with exercise.
5.Details of the Theory
to phrenology: Flourens
he go so far a field?
these lessons apply to science today and us in this class?